INFORMATION ON KENYAN PEOPLE
Kenya is blessed to have a large number of people that belong to various tribes occupying different parts of the country. History of Kenyan People documents that the earliest inhabitants to the country took place over five million years ago in the northern parts of the country near Lake Turkana. The largest proportion of population in the country belongs to the indigenous people that are approximated to belong to over 50 tribes. All Kenyan people are fully represented in the government and this in turn helps to foster economic growth and peace in the country.
The largest group of people in the country is the Bantu while the smallest is the El molo who reside in Lake Turkana Region. In order to understand fully the composition of the Kenyan people we have to divide the major primary groups of people that is the Bantus, the Nilotes and Cushites. Different groups have different population sizes but despite this the government has put certain measures that aim at ensuring that all people in the country are fully represented in all government projects and policy making processes.
The Nilotic group comprises of tribes such as Luo, Kalenjin, Maasai, Samburu and Turkana. Due to various interactions such as intermarriages, most of these tribes are evenly distributed in the country but some are mainly located in their ancestral home. For example a large percentage of the Samburu people live in the northern parts of the country. Maasai are very important in describing the Kenyan people because they have preserved their culture and beliefs more than any other tribe in the country. Maasai are pastoralists who keep large herds of livestock for domestic and commercial reasons.
Other tribes in this group that practise livestock keeping as the main economic activity include Sambutu, Turkana and some sub-tribes in Kalenjin. The Luo people reside along Lake Victoria where they practise fishing as the main economic activity. However changes in the environment have led to the need for some of these tribes to change their lifestyles in order to fight food insecurity that more often than not results in periodic famine.
Another important segment in information about the Kenyan people is the Cushites group. As compared to other tribal groups in Kenya, Cushites contribute a small percentage to the total population of the country. The Somali is the major group that comprise this Kenyan people. Other tribes that comprise the group include El Molo who are very popular for their skilful tactics in hunting crocodiles and hippos for food purposes. Other cultural activities carried out by the group include collection of ornaments and beads, collection of ostrich eggs. The ornaments are worn by both women and men especially during certain occasions such as marriages and initiations.
The Somali group on the other hand are mainly livestock keepers who provide various animal products for the Kenyan people. Some of the animals kept include cattle, sheep, goats and camels. Due to the harsh climatic conditions in their area of residence, they usually suffer from hunger especially during the dry season. However the government has introduced various agricultural projects that will help boost food security in the region. The tribe is united by the extend families which usually live in one large homestead just like the Maasai who live in Manyattas.
Kenyan people also comprises of the Bantu, this is the largest group in the country and comprises of tribes such as Embu, Meru, Akamba, Luyha and Kikuyu. The main economic activity carried out by this people is farming due to the good weather and soils experienced in most parts of the country occupied by the group. Kikuyu has the largest number of people as compared to the other tribes. One can argue that the tribe is more adapted to the western culture and this in turn has enables the tribe to prosper economically more than the rest of the population. The Meru people are located on the slopes of Mt Kenya where they grow crops such as coffee, tea, Miraa and sisal in some parts.
The Akamba on the other hand provide information on the Kenyan people due to their unique and sophisticated lifestyle and culture that differ in one way or another with the other Bantu groups. This tribe is very popular for the beautiful wood carving and long distance trade practised by some of the members of the community.
Information on Kenya people is very important since it helps in ensuring that all people are equally represented in the government. It also helps to promote equitable share of natural resources which in turn helps to boost the overall economic growth in Kenya.