MOMBASA COUNTY :
Mombasa County is located in Mombasa Island which is separated by the Kilindini Harbour and Tudor creeks and connected to the mainland to the North by the Nyali Bridge to south by Likoni ferry, to west by Makupa Causeway.
According to the census that was conducted in 2009 the County has a population of 939,370 and covers 218.9 km and majority of people living in the area live in urban areas.
Mombasa County has four constituencies namely:
Mombasa County has a flat topography and has a warm climate and the amount of rainfall received depends on seasons. Proximity of the county to the Indian Ocean affects the climate and weather components in the area. The average temperatures range between 20 and 30 degrees Celsius, these warm temperatures all year round makes it very conducive tourism and other social cultural activities. The coldest month of the year is March while the hottest is July- August.
The average rainfall amounts of precipitation in Mombasa County is estimated to be around 1162mm. Heavy rains are received in May when the average amount of rainfall is 319mm while the relative humidity is estimated to be 77.6% in most parts of the year.
Altitude of the area is estimated to be 57 metres above the sea level and this in turn affects certain factors such as rainfall and temperatures. Soils in the area are sandy loam due to deposition of material from the upper area in the country. The soils lack some of the plant nutrients and this in turn determines the agricultural activities practised by the residents.
The tropical climate of warm climate is not suitable for farming hence minimal farming activities take place in the county. One of the main crops grown includes mangos that are consumed locally while the surplus is transported to other towns that neighbour the county. Other crops grown are cashew nuts, sugarcane and sisal.
Livestock keeping is also practised in the area and includes the keeping of cattle both for milk and meat production, sheep, goats, camels and chicken in some parts of the county.
ECONOMY IN MOMBASA COUNTY
Tourism is definitely one of the most lucrative activities in Mombasa County. This is attributed to the many tourist attraction sites and the warm temperatures experienced all year round. Mombasa port is the leading trading centre that has one of the largest sea port called the Kilindini Harbour that mean “deep” in Swahili and the harbour is used for trading. The good road network eases transportation of goods from the port to designated destination.
Moi International Airport is important because visitors use it to travel into the county, a lot of people to travel to the county due the good infrastructure that have being put in place by the government in a bid to enhance the tourism.
Mombasa County has a lot of tourist attraction that has made people to travel there due to the availability of clean beaches that stretch from north to the south of the county. Such beaches include the Fort Jesus which is the main tourist’s attraction site in the county that was built in the 16th century by the Portuguese. It shows various artefacts and the monumental still stand to today.
Other economic activities carried out in the area include Chrome mining, Cement manufacturing and fishing which supply sea food to the residents and other towns such as Nairobi. There are several food processing factories that are involved in the packaging and export of food products and flowers to other continents.
HEALTH AND EDUCATION
Mombasa County has some of the best and fully equipped health facilities and this ensures that all the residents get access to quality and affordable health services. Some of the main facilities include Agha Khan Hospital, Port Reitz and Coast Provincial Hospital. There are also private health facilities that are very accessible in all parts of the region.
There are very many education facilities in the area; this includes seven Universities and two colleges. There are primary and secondary schools that ensures that the high population is able to access easy and affordable education and this in turn helps to promote economic growth and development.